Since President Harry S. Truman called for the formation of the Air Force Reserve in 1948, it has been a critical part of the nation's defense. Its mission is to provide combat ready forces to Fly, Fight and Win.
Operating in various locations around the world, the Air Force Reserve has evolved from a "stand by" force for emergencies into a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the Active Duty Air Force.
The Air Force Reserve currently performs about 20 percent of the work of the Air Force, including traditional flying missions and other more specialized missions, such as Weather Reconnaissance (Hurricane Hunters), Modular Aerial Fire Fighting (MAFFs) and Personnel Recovery (Pararescuemen).
The Air Force Reserve is comprised of the 4th Air Force, 10th Air Force and 22nd Air Force. Under those numbered Air Forces are 35 wings, 10 independent groups and various mission support units at:
The total membership of the Air Force Reserve is 69,200. Of those, 80 percent are Enlisted and 20 percent are Officers. The Headquarters of the Air Force Reserve is at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. The Command Structure starts with the President of the United States.
The Air Force Reserve ultimately is under the command of the President of the United States as the Commander in Chief. This is a chart of the civilian and military positions that form the hierarchy of the command structure.
This outline represents the primary locations which fall under the control of one of the three numbered Air Forces which make up the Air Force Reserve. These locations may be Air Force Bases, Air Reserve Bases or air stations that could be shared with another branch of the military. There also could be several "tenant units" assigned to different Air Forces at each of these locations.
The 4th Air Force at March Air Reserve Base, California; the 10th Air Force at NAS JRB Ft. Worth, Texas; and the 22nd Air Force at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia, report to Headquarters Air Force Reserve Command. They act as operational headquarters for their subordinate units and provide training; operational, logistical and safety support; and the regional support for geographically separated units.
While most reservists work one weekend a month and two weeks a year, there are several other categories of service in the Air Force Reserve. Some are part-time, such as Traditional Reservists and Individual Mobilization Augmentees, and some are full-time, such as Air Reserve Technicians and Active Guard Reserve Airmen. Regardless of duty-status category, all Reserve Airmen contribute to the Air Force Reserve by providing an integrated, flexible and combat-ready force that supports national security objectives.
Air Force Reserve categories of service break down as follows:
Traditional Reservists (TRs) - 69%
The majority of Reserve Airmen are TRs. They serve part-time, usually one weekend a month and two weeks a year. Most TRs serve at Air Force units that are close to home.
Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMAs) - 12%
A smaller but equally important category of TR is the "Individual Mobilization Augmentee" (IMA). IMAs are part-time Air Force Reservists who are assigned to active duty Air Force units and organizations, combat support agencies, Unified Combatant Commands and the Joint Staff to do jobs that are essential in wartime and/or during contingency operations, but do not require full-time manning during times of peace. They typically report for duty 24 to 48 individual training days per year and twelve contiguous annual training days a year but, like their Unit Program counterparts, many IMAs serve well in excess of the minimum military duty requirement.
Air Reserve Technicians (ART) - 15%
While the Air Force Reserve takes pride in offering great part-time jobs, approximately 10,000 Citizen Airmen serve full-time in Air Reserve Technician (ART) positions. ARTs are dual-status employees of the Air Force Reserve, which means they serve both as reservists and as federal civilian employees. They provide the day-to-day management, operations and administration for traditional Reserve units. ART positions are available in more than 100 occupations, including commander, ﬂight instructor, aircraft mechanic, aircraft maintenance ofﬁcer, nurse, loadmaster and human resource ofﬁcer. As dual-status employees, ARTs enjoy a benefits package that includes programs designed for both military members and federal civilian employees. Available ART positions can be viewed on www.usajobs.gov.
Active Guard Reserve (AGR) - 4%
Reserve Airmen who work in AGR positions provide full-time support to Reserve Component organizations for the purpose of leading, organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing or training. Unlike dual-status ART positions that consist of military and civilian statuses, AGRs are full-time military servicemembers without any ties to federal civilian status. AGRs receive pay, benefits and entitlements that are nearly identical to those of active-duty Airmen of the Regular Air Force. Prior military experience is required.
The Air Force Reserve fully respects and upholds the importance of family. Understandably, enlisting in the military can be daunting for everyone involved. To family and friends of a potential Reservist: rest assured that we take the safety and well-being of your loved one very seriously.
You will be glad to know that we have earned a reputation as an organization that knows how to take care of its people, and our Airmen will learn skills and traits that prove to be invaluable in any aspect of life: strict discipline, responsibility, respect for authority, and selfless service.
At the same time, they will build a solid foundation and earn their own way to a secure future with exclusive military benefits. These benefits can also apply to military family members, meaning that you can also save money on your own car insurance, mortgage loans, and education, among other select perks.
Above all, your friend or child’s courageous decision to serve is something to be proud of. If you have any other questions, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us today.